In reply to your comment, I decided to address the Ailstock Surname as it pertains to the Adkins line in today’s post. I hope that you will find it useful.

my name is Evelyn Brown. Everyone calls me Tynk, so I would appreciate it if you would also. My great grandma Is Minnie Ailstock. We are descendants of Chief Cornstalk. He is my 6th great grandfather. I would love more information if anyone would supply this for me I would appreciate it. Thank you, my e-mail is and you can find me on facebook under Tynk Brown.

I only know of one Minnie Ailstock
Name: Minnie Alvine Ailstock
Birth: 13 Oct 1898 – Millboro, Bath, Virginia, USA
Death: 26 May 1970 – Elkins, Randolph, West Virginia, USA
Parents: Wayman Edgar S. Ailstock, Georgia Anna Madison
Spouse: Miles Ellis Workman

I’m sure there are many more, Minnie Ailstocks, but I think you’re referring to the daughter of Wayman & Georgia.

  • Name: Wayman Edgar S Ailstock

Birth: Jan 1860 – Bath, Virginia, United States
Death: 1930
Marriage: 26 Sep 1886
Parents: Absalom Ailstock, Nancy Jane Ailstock
Spouse: Georgia Anna Madison

  • Wayman was the son of Absalom Ailstock (1836 – 1909)!oS4Uoh6m1K0lm71Ku_5flzQDJap9XkiSkG4C! was the son of John G Ailstock, Margaret Polly Thomas.

  • John G Ailstock

Birth 1808 in Virginia, United States
Death 1870 in Rockbridge, Virginia, United States was the son of


Birth ABT 1753 in Louisa County, Virginia
Death abt 1858 in Rockbridge County, Virginia
whom was the son of Micael Ailstock and Rebecca Goins


Birth abt 1755 in Virginia
Death 13 Mar 1792 in Lousia County, Virginia
Michael was the youngest son of

  • Keigh-taugh-quah Hokoleskwa Cornstalk

Birth 1712 in Greenbrier, Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, USA
Death 10 Nov 1777 in Point Pleasant, Mason, West Virginia, USA
and 3rd wife Julia Scot B:1726 Edinburg, Scotland D: abt 1755 Loudon, Virginia, USA


There’s a huge legend/lore going along with why Julia Scots sons changed their names from Adkins/Atkinson to Ailstock, or why they would have been an form of Surname Adkins to start with. I didn’t put all of that on my tree, because most of it is fable. They didn’t want to be a part of the Shawnee Nation anymore. I can’t remember what the squabble was over, but it was serious. I look at it this way, if a Scottish woman marries a Shawnee Chief, either being forced or willingly, and is his third wife, there are going to be problems with the family somewhere. Just look at a traditional family with the regular problems of siblings, so I can only imagine what went on in this one.

I have heard of a few books on this line, I do hope that you take the time to research them. I’m sure I didn’t share anything here that you didn’t already know. This line is where the Melungeon/Mulatto Line is heavily steeped, you may need to look into that as well.

I hope I’ve given you a place to start sharing what you have on your line. Stories and other avenues to follow.

Good Luck in your search.

Thanks as always and Welcome to the Family,
Sheila Jean Adkins Metcalf

One of the major factors that differentiates creative from lesser creative people is that creative people give themselves a license to pay attention to their small ideas. ~ Roger von Oech

William Adkins

Birth 18 Oct 1763 in Albemarle, PARISH, Surry Co., Virginia
Death 27 Nov 1821 in Sussex Co., Virginia





1810 Census Sussex Co. Va page 624

Wm Adkins 2 males under 10 2 females under 10

1 male 10-16

1 male 16-25

1 male 26-44 1 female 26-44

22 Slaves

1820 Census Sussex Co. Va page92

Wm Adkins 1 male 10-15

1 male 16-18 1 female 16-25

2 males 16-25 1 female 26-44

1 male over 45 1 female over 45

25 slaves

BIRTH: This was taken from the Bible record of William Adkins, on the front page of the bible records it says

New Testament
of our
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
Translated out of
The Original Greek;
and with the
Former translations diligently compared and revised
New York;
American bible Society,
Instituted in the year MDCCCXVI
Family record of William Adkins Sr. and live descendants as copied from line family bible

William Adkins Sr. was born Oct 18, 1763
Susannah Lanier was born Feb 11, 1765
Henry Adkins was son of William & Susannah Adkins Feb 2, 1795 William Pettway Adkins was born July 25, 1796
Elizabeth Adkins was born July 6, 1799
Susannah Roberta Adkins was born Sept 14, 1800
Thomas Adkins was born Dec 31, 1803
Howel Adkins was born June 1, 1806
James P. Adkins was born April 10, 1813
James P. Marable was born Dec 8, 1798
Thomas Edward Marable was born Sept 20, 1824
William Howel Marable was born Nov 21, 1828
Sarah James Marable was born Oct 8, 1836

Marriages William Adkins and Susanna Lanier were married January 9, 1792 James P. Marable and Susan R. Adkins were married Sept 23, 1823 James P. Marable and Sally G Marable were married March 20th 1836

William P. Adkins died Oct 4, 1799
Elizabeth Adkins died Oct 6, 1799
James W. Adkins died Sept 6, 1817
William Adkins Sr. died Nov 27, 1821
Howel A. Adkins died June 25, 1848
Susanna Adkins wife of William Adkins Sr. died June 12, 1822 James P. Marable died Aug 7, 1836

In reply to:
Harry Stanley Adkins
Attention: Stan Adkins
Dear Harry Stanley Adkins,

Your tree was fairly easy to track. I had written you a quick response before collecting all of your data, but my computer had a glitch and I lost it. I decided not to let that happen again, I’ve just decided to show your family tree for you here.

Harry Stanley Adkins
Born: 30 Jan 1890
in Waynesville, Pulaski, Missouri
Death: Apr 1968
in Beulah, Phelps, Missouri

Spouse: Marie Florence McDaniel (Gray)
Married: 9 Sep 1914 Tiebune, Pulaski County, Missouri

Father: Amariah Simpson Adkins
Birth: 05 Oct 1861 in Missouri
Death: 18 Nov 1940 in Alamo, Hidalgo, Texas
Mother: Sarah “Sallie” Ann Christeson
d/o Joseph Littleton Christeson (1840-1904) and Elizabeth Adeline Gan (1855-1932).
Birth: 08 Dec 1872 in Waynesville, Pulaski, Missouri
Death: 04 Sep 1945 in Pharr, Hidalgo, Texas
Married: 11 Mar 1889

Grandfather: James Adkins
Birth: 22 Jul 1815 in Adair, Kentucky
Death: 22 Oct 1903 in Bloodland, Pulaski, Missouri
Grandmother: Nancy Hines Simpson
B: 21 Jun 1819 in Adair, Kentucky, USA
D: 14 Aug 1921 in Bloodland, Pulaski, Missouri, USA
Name: James Adkins
Spouse: Nancy Simpson
Marriage Date: 13 Jan 1839
Officiator: William Staton, J. P. Carroll County, Missouri, Marriage Records, 1833-1856

Great Grandparents:
William V Adkins (1760-1848)
Mary Hartman (Hardiman) (1765-1812)

2x Great Grandparents:
William V Adkins Jr (1718-17584)
Lydia Owens (1724-1872)

3x Great Grandparents
William Atkinson (1689-1784)
Elizabeth Parker (1695-1784)

4x Great Grandparents
John Adkins (1639-1721)
Elizabeth Bromwell (1641-?)

5x Great Grandparents
Thomas Adkins (1610-1666)
Agnes (UNK) Adkins (1610-?)

If my memory serves me correctly, I think that makes us 7th cousins once removed or something like that. I’m down from Jesse Adkins (1754-1833) William’s older brother. Hope this helps. If you have anymore questions, I can direct you to several other family members for any clarification.

Thanks for your comment and Welcome to the Family!

Best wishes,
Sheila Jean Adkins Metcalf

A day spent without the sight or sound of beauty, the contemplation of mystery, or the search of truth or perfection is a poverty-stricken day. ~ Lewis Mumford

Will of William Atkins  D&W Bk. Vol. 11 p.136
Dated Jan 22, 1784 probated March 15, 1784

In the name of God amen this twenty second day of January in the year of our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred and eighty four I —-William Atkins of the County of Pittsylvania being week of body but of sound mind and memory, thanks be to God my maker for it do constitute and ordain this to be my last will and testament disannulling all other will or wills doconstitute and commit my body to the Earth from whence it was taken andmy soul to God who gave it in sure and certain hopes of the resurrection.
Item I give and bequeth unto my daughter Elisabeth Shockley one shilling Sterling which I give to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeth unto my daughter Bidey Witcher one shilling Sterling, which I give to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeth unto my daughter Agness Polley one Shilling Sterling which I give to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeth unto my daughter Nancy Witcher one Shilling Sterling which I give to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeth unto my daughter Sarah Parsons one Shilling Sterling which I give to her and her heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeth unto my Son Owen Atkins one Negro Girl called Milley which I give unto him and his heirs forever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my Son Jesse Atkins one Negroe Wench called Hannah which I give unto him and his heirs forever with the increas of her body from this date. Also one Negro boy called James which I give unto him and his heirs forever. Also one Negro Wench called Eady whichI give untohimmy said Son Jesse to  him and his heirs forever. I give and bequeath unto him and his heirs forever, one grey Horse also all the household furniture and Beds and furniture and all movable utensils to him and his Heirs forever with half of my Stock of Cattle, Hogs, andSheep.  I also give unto my said son Jesse all the land on the Northside of the Water or Creek that my Millison with the Plantation and buildings Excep about ten yards above where the dirt is dug from the pond and then cestraight  with hoppers path leaving the hog pen  forty yards tothe left-hand straight to the firsline that was made between Owen Atkins and myself thence with the said line to fork oftheCreek which I give to him and his heirs forever
Item I give and bequeath unto my Son William Atkins all the Land on the South side of the Creek that the Mill is on which I possess with my milland with the balance that is not willed to my son Jesse on the Northside of said Creek which I give to him and his heirs forever also one Negro girl called Ginny which I give to him and his heirs forever with the increase of her body Also the half of my Stock of Cattle & hogs & Sheep which I give to him and his heirs forever Also one Steel plate whip saw to him and his heirs forever as Witness my hand and Sealed with my seal the day and year first above written.

Signed, Sealed and delivered                                                               his
In presents of                                                                     William X  Atkins, SS.
Noton Dickinson, Isaac Martin                                                          mark
Joseph Standbye

At a Court held for Pittsylvania County the 15th day of March1784 the within last Will and Testament of William Atkins deceased was proved by the Oaths of two of the witnesses thereto and Ordered to be recorded.  a Certificate for obtaining Letters of Administration of the Estate ofthe said William Atkins decd with the Will annexed is granted to Jesse Atkins who made oath according to Law and with Thomas Hodges and NotonDickinson his securities entered into Bond as the Law directs and acknowledged the same.

Teste Will Tunstall CS.

List of Children of William Atkins as named in Will
1. Elisabeth Adkins Shockley (1740-1795)
2. Lidey Adkins Witcher (1762-1808)
3. Agness Adkins Polley (1740-1795)
4. Nancy Adkins Witcher (1744-?)
5. Sarah Adkins Parsons (1746-1808)
6. Owen Atkins (1750-1790)
7. Jesse Atkins (1754-1833)
8. William Atkins (1760-1848)

Will of William AdkinsWills, Inventories & Accts. vol. 1-A p. 142
Dated April 8, 1847  probated Oct. 28, 1848

I, William Adkins of the County of Pittsylvania and State of Virginia being of sound mind and in good halth make my last will and Testament in manner and form as follows
I give to my son Henry Adkins and his heirs forever the following land to wit, beginning in my line adjoining where he now lives at the fence and around the land he is now in possession of it being a part of my track and thence  following the fence around to a pair of draw rails thence up the path to the ridge path leading from my house to Capt. Hopkinses Decd,then down a hollow to a branch in an old field and down the branch to the Creek thence up the same to the Spring that said Henry formerly used continuing up said branch to my back line and along the same to the beginning.
2ly I give to my son Owen Adkins and his heirs forever the following land, towit; beginning at the same place where Henry’s new line is to begin thence along between my son Henry and myself to the road leading from my house to the Lynchburg road, thence down said road to a corner in my old line near a field now used by my daughter Sally Gibson, thence to the fence of the said field and along said fence in to an old field not inclosed until it corner oposite an old fence row leading from some pines near the path and so on down said fence row to the head of a hollow and down the same to the creek and up the creek to the land herein before given to my son Henry and along his line to the beginning.
3ly, I give to my daughter Sally Gibson and her heirs forever the following land to wit, beginning at the fence around the feald in which she now lived where my son Owen’s William and thence along the lain and through the lower side of an old feald crossing the ridge road to trees I have choped as a line to Peek’s old field and through the old field by two marked trees on a ridge and so on to two marked trees below the aple orchard on the branch thence up the same and along my backline to the line herein before directed to bound the land given to my son Owen and along that lineto the beginning.
4ly I give to my son William Adkins and his heirs forever the land where on he now lives it being all the remaining part of my land on  that side of the creek not herein given to others.
5ly It is my will and desire that Coleman Renands shall have and enjoy the land and other property herein after mentioned for and during his life and at his death to his lawfully begotten children if he leave any and in case he does not, then to my children herein before mentioned and there heirs forever to wit, I give under the limitations as aforesaid to said Coleman Renands who I hereby recognise as my son and henceforth desire that he shall be called Coleman Adkins the following land, to wit,beginning on the creek between John T. Muse and myself at the mouth of a branch thence along theNorth side of a crop fence runing near a spring formerly used by Sally Reynolds and so onto the woods and thence along a new chopped line to a branch above WilliamAdkins  spring and thence up said branch to a new choped line and along said line to the ridge road and thence along said road and my back line to the land herein before given to my son Henry and thence down his line to the creek and thence down the said creek to the beginning.
6ly It is my will and desire that my Executor hereinafter appointed sell upon a credit of one and two years all the residue of my land lying on the West side of Turkey Cock creek and allso upon a reasonable credit sell all the perishable part of my estate.
7ly I give to  Suky Smith one hundred dollars and I give to Betsy Carter one hundred dollars and I give to Sally Gipson Thirty dollars.
8ly I give to my son Coleman Adkins upon the terms limitations and conditions contained and provided for in the fifth clause of the will the following property to wit; one Negro girl named Siza and her future increase and one horse bridle and saddle worth sixty dollars.  I also give him fifty dollars worth of cows and hoggs and six head of sheep, I also give him one hilling hoe,one plow, and pare of gear one pole axe and if he continues to live with me till my death I give him fifteen barrels of corn and four Hundred weight of Pork.
9ly I give to my following children to be equally divided between them and there heirs forever all the residue of my estate of every sort and kind, to wit; I give one sixth part to my daughter Suky Smith, one sixth to Betsy  Carter, one sixth part to Sally Gipson, one sixth part to my son Henry Adkins, one sixth part to William Adkins, and the other sixth part to Owen Adkins, and lastly I do hereby  constitute and appointmy friend Vincint Witcher Executor to this my last will and Testament hereby revoking all other or former wills by me made writen on two sheets and subscribed on the sixth page ;this eighth day of April in the year of our Lord 1847.

William Adkins  seal
A.H. Moorman
W.A. Dickinson
H.S. Muse

At a Circuit superior court of law and chanery continued and held for Pittsylvania county the 28th day of October 1848 this last will and Testament of William Adkins decd was presented in court and proven by the oaths of A.H. Moorman and H.S. Muse two subscribing witnesses and ordered to be recorded and on the motion of Vincent Witcher the Executor in said will named who made oath and with A.H. Moorman & H.S. Muse his secruities entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of ten thousand dollars conditioned according to Law certificate was granted him for obtaining probate of said will in due form.

Wm. H. Tunstall  Clk.

Estate Settlement of William Adkins decd (1848)
Accounts Current vol. 18 pp. 160-162
Date of confirmation October 20, 1851

Accounts of Executor and Legatees

1. To Susan Smith one of the legatees of William Adkins decd
November 27, 1849 paid in terms of will  $100.00
Sept. 11, 1850 paid for legacy in residuary fund $230.00
1851 to balance due Susan Smith 2.63 ½
TOTAL: 332.63 ½

2. To Nathan Carter in right of his wife Elizabeth Carter
Nov. 27, 1849 paid in terms of will  100.00
Sept. 11, 1850 paid for legacy in residuary fund 250.00
TOTAL paid by confirmation:  350.00

3. Sarah Gibson
Nov. 27, 1849 paid in terms of will 30.00
Sept. 11, 1850 paid for legacy in residuary fund 219.22
1851 balance due Sarah Gibson 13.41 ½
TOTAL:  262.63 ½

4. Henry Adkins
Sept. 11, 1850 paid for legacy in residuary fund 232.19
1851 balance due  2.63 ½
TOTAL:  232.63 ½

5. William Adkins
Sept. 11, 1850 paid for legacy in residuary fund 232.19
1851 balance due    .44 ½
TOTAL: 232.63 ½

6. Owen Adkins
Sept. 11,  1850 paid for legacy in residuary fund 230.00
1851 balance due  2.63 ½
TOTAL:  232.63 ½

The grave of William Adkins

Rt. 626 to Cooper’s old store.  Turn left on Rt. 649.
Cemetery on back of farm now owned by Oscar Burger (1984)

Tombstone inscription

Wm Adkins
Birth Sept.  the 21st  1760
DC  Oct.  the 22nd  1848

The wife of William Adkins  (1760-1848)

The only evidence for the name of William ‘s wife is in the death of his son Owen, whose parents are named as William and Mary Adkins as noted below.

Register of Deaths  1855 1896 p.  136  line5

Owen Adkins
white male
Died May 15, 1885 in Pittsylvania Co., VA
Cause: old age
age: 99 yrs  6 mo (this would place birth approximately Nov. 1786
Parents: William & Mary Adkins
born:  Pittsylvania Co.
Occupation:  farmer
Consort;  unmarried  (actually widowed)
Informant:  Owen Adkins, Jr.  Relationship: son

Probable marriages of children of William and Mary Adkins

From Knorr, Catherine. Marriage Bonds and Ministers  returns of PittsylvaniaCounty, Virginia; 1767-1805.  1956

1. 7 October 1799 Henry Adkerson (Adkins) and Elizabeth Rossett dau.Of Sam Rossett who consents.  Sur.  William Reynolds.
p. 2 (26 of marr. register)

2. 18 July 1803.  Nathan Carter and Elizabeth Atkins. Sur. Henry Atkins.  Married by Richard Elliott.
p. 15  (p.  34 in original register)

3. 9 December 1805.  William Adkins and Betsy Thacker.  Sur  Joseph Thacker. Married by Rev. Willis Hopwood.
p. 2 (p. 38 of marr. register)

From Williams, Kathleen.  Marriages of Pittsylvania County, Virginia; 1806-1830. 1980

4. 18 August 1806.  George Smith and Lucky Adkins. ( Sucky? OrSuk?
Sur.  William Adkins.   p.  145  (p. 42 inmarr.  register)

5*. 15 July 1809  Owen Adkins and Isabel Harris, dau. of John Harris who consents.
Sur. James Hines.
p. 3 (p.  46 of marr. reg.)

6.  21 May 1810.  Charles Gibson and Sarah Atkinson, dau.of
William Atkinson.  Sur. Nathaniel Carter.  Thomas Geo. Gibson
consents.  Married by the Rev. Joseph Hatchett.
p.  62  ( p.  48 of marr. register)

*   Owen’s first marriage.  Second as follows:
19 September 1825.  Owen Atkinson(Adkins)  and Fanny Campbell.
Sur.  Jacob Zink.   p.6(p.  82 of original register)


William Atkinson 200 A on both sides Pig River Survd Mar.  31  1747 at a gum on the Lower side of Pig River and thence N10E 90p. to a red Oak  N65 W137p  to a Beech on a branch S10 W204p. crossing a branch to a red oak S10E110p.  to a redoak on Pig Riverand thence down the same & across it to the beging.

William Atkinson  150A on both sides Pig River Survd 31Mar.  1747 beginning at a red oak on the upper side  driver thence N81W48p.  crossing sd River to a maple on Harping Creek  S89W184p. crossing sd Harping Creek & the River to a white Oak  N8W96p. crossing a Branch to a pine N60E70p. to a  red oak E98p to a red oak  S64E70p.  to a pine S10E103p to the begin.

Transcribed by James Burnett

From notes of Mrs. Anderson, Dec’d

Virginia Marriages to 1800
about Adkins, Rhoda
Spouse 1: Adkins, Rhoda
Spouse 2: Peak, Jesse
Marriage Date: 29 Jan 1799
Marriage Location: Virginia
Pittsylvania County

Note: Little is known of Rhoda Adkins Peak.

Virginia Marriages to 1800
about Adkins, Winston
Spouse 1: Adkins, Winston
Spouse 2: Thacker, Molly Allen
Marriage Date: 14 Dec 1798
Marriage Location: Virginia
Pittsylvania County

Please note:

  1. The “Allen” in Molly Thacker’s name. She may not have been a Thacker at all, but the widow of a Thacker. Its believed that she was since so many the Adkins’ married Thacker’s.
  2. Winright the son of Winston Oliver Adkins called himself Winright JR. So its possible that this Winston was aka a “Winright” as well – no paper trail to offer proof.
  3. Winright (1775-1854) s/o Henry and Rachel Houchins was married 1st wife Lucy Thacker (1785-1845) married in 1798 Pittsylvania, Virginia. 2nd wife: ADKINS, Winright MULLINS, Sally 05-JUL-1849 in Pike, Kentucky